Scarce resources

Annual report 2020

Numbers are only available in limited quantity. The BIPT is tasked with managing the national numbering plan and the granting and withdrawal of user rights of those numbers. In 2020, the number of numbering files increased by 38% as compared to 2019.

The BIPT is the manager of the radio spectrum on national territory. Thus, it assigns frequency bands to operators, in order to distribute this spectrum in an optimal fashion. In 2020, the BIPT actively participated in the deployment of 5G in Belgium. On the one hand, it granted temporary rights of use for the 3600-3640 MHz band, which allows the operators concerned to start the initial 5G work. On the other hand, the BIPT published a study objectifying the spectrum volume and value which can be linked to the consumption of media and to the traffic. The study was carried out in order to facilitate the political agreement on the sharing of revenues from the auction: as a matter of fact, the consumption of media falls within the competence of the Communities, while the telecom traffic falls within the competence of the federal government. The BIPT also wrote a study on the risks of saturation of 4G networks in three large Belgian cities, taking account of the expected increase in traffic volume by 2022.

As the manager of the spectrum, the BIPT is in charge of defining technical regulations for the use of radio communication equipment. It published two such decisions in 2020. The BIPT has also been assigned the task of monitoring the electromagnetic spectrum: it thus carries out preventive inspections and monitors major events. However, the health crisis limited the number of inspections in 2020. However, the BIPT has noted a 6% increase in the number of interferences compared to 2019.

Read the full version of the report (PDF)